June 27, 2002

It's the Fast of Tammuz

Hmmm... Why does my Palm Pilot--excuse me, my Handspring Visor Palm-Compatible Not-Connected Organizer Personal Digital Assistant--know that today is the Fast of Tammuz? What is the Fast of Tammuz? What is Tammuz?

Googling...

Ah.

There are five minor fasts on the Jewish calendar... instituted by the Sages to commemorate some national tragedy... The Fast of Tammuz, Tammuz 17, is the date when the walls of Jerusalem were breached.

So the Fast of Tammuz is a fast that takes place in the month of Tammuz, not a fast for the Babylonian god Tammuz--although the (Jewish) month Tammuz is named after the (Babylonian) god Tammuz--the good shepherd who was slain, descended into hell, and then was resurrected by the love and power of his wife Inanna.

Posted by DeLong at June 27, 2002 12:52 PM | TrackBack

Comments

No, the month of Tammuz was named so because the Israelites worshipped Tammuz. Hence, destruction came from Babylon because of this false worship. In irony, the month of the destruction was named "Tammuz", because the Jews participated in the ritual of weeping for Tammuz and now, with Exile, there really IS something to weep over.
In no sense does Israel worship Tammuz.

Posted by: General Bates on July 13, 2003 12:11 AM

No, the month of Tammuz was named so because the Israelites worshipped Tammuz. Hence, destruction came from Babylon because of this false worship. In irony, the month of the destruction was named "Tammuz", because the Jews participated in the ritual of weeping for Tammuz and now, with Exile, there really IS something to weep over.
In no sense does Israel worship Tammuz.

Posted by: General Bates on July 13, 2003 12:11 AM

No, the month of Tammuz was named so because the Israelites worshipped Tammuz. Hence, destruction came from Babylon because of this false worship. In irony, the month of the destruction was named "Tammuz", because the Jews participated in the ritual of weeping for Tammuz and now, with Exile, there really IS something to weep over.
In no sense does Israel worship Tammuz.

Posted by: General Bates on July 13, 2003 12:11 AM

No, the month of Tammuz was named so because the Israelites worshipped Tammuz. Hence, destruction came from Babylon because of this false worship. In irony, the month of the destruction was named "Tammuz", because the Jews participated in the ritual of weeping for Tammuz and now, with Exile, there really IS something to weep over.
In no sense does Israel worship Tammuz.

Posted by: General Bates on July 13, 2003 12:12 AM

Appendix B: The Exodus Date and the Chronology For The Return to Sinai

The day when the Revelation was given presents a problem. Josephus dates the Revelation three months after they came out of Egypt (Ant. III,ii,5-iii,1). The book of Jubilees dates the Revelation, Sivan 17.

Encyclopedia Judaica
People of Israel encamped at the foot of the mountain from the third month after the Exodus until the 20th of the second month of the second year (Ex. 19:1-Num. 10:11). While the people prepared themselves during three days for the theophany (according to later Jewish tradition this was seven weeks after the Exodus).

Keil-Delitzsch
The Jewish tradition, which assigns the giving of the law to the 50th day after Passover, is of far too recent a date to pass for any historical fact.

C.H.R.I.
Beginning with the Exodus from Egypt, until their arrival on Mt. Sinai, only three dates are given or alluded to, the 15th day of the first month, the 15th day of the second month, and the 15th day of the third month.

Abib 15: The 15th day of the first month is not given in Exodus 12:40, but it is obvious from the previous instructions given by Moses in Exodus 12:1-14.

Ex. 12:40: Now the sojourning of the people of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years: And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even on that very day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the Lord went out from the land of Egypt:

Iyyar 15: The 15th day of the second month is given in Exodus 16:1.
Ex. 16:1-2: And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the people of Israel came to the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt: And the whole congregation of the people of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron.

Sivan 15: The 15th day of the third month is obvious, because it is referring to the ?self same day? as the Exodus from Egypt, i.e., the 15th day of the first month.
Ex. 19:1-2: In the third month, when the people of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai: For they had departed from Rephidim, and had come to the desert of Sinai, and had camped in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount:

Between each of these extreme dates, nine stops were made (see Numbers 33).
1). 15 Nisan - 18 Nisan: Exodus to the Red Sea Exodus 12:40, Abib 15
2). 22 Nisan - 25 Nisan: Red Sea to Marah
3). 29 Nisan - 2 Iyyar: Marah to Elim
4). 6 Iyyar - 9 Iyyar: Elim to Red Sea
5). 13 Iyyar - 16 Iyyar: Red Sea to Sin Exodus 16:1, Iyyar 15
6). 20 Iyyar to 23 Iyyar: Sin to Dophkah
7). 27 Iyyar to 30 Iyyar: Dophkah to Alush
8). 4 Sivan to 8 Sivan: Alush to Rephadim
9). 11 Sivan to 15 Sivan: Rephadim to Sinai Exodus 19:1, Sivan 15

This tells us that each of their travels lasted one week. They would dismantle on Sunday, travel until Wednesday, and then set up camp. It would give them a couple of days to do the things they had to do before the Sabbath rest. They stood waiting to leave Egypt on the 14th of Nisan, a Sabbath day; they left on Sunday morning after the Passover angel came. Four weeks later, they were at the Red Sea again. Four stops after the Red Sea on the 15th of Sivan, the same day as the Exodus from Egypt, they arrived at Sinai.
Exodus 19:10-11: And the Lord said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them today [Thursday] and tomorrow [Friday], and let them wash their clothes: And be ready by the third day [Saturday]; for the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai:

If the people of Israel stopped on the 15th day of the second month, and then rested for four days, they would have to have passed Dophkah, Alush, and Rephadim, before they came to Sinai, all in ten days before Sivan 1. That would not only be impossible, it would be inconsistent with all of the other cataloging of events. The only logical conclusion is that the Revelation was given on Sivan 17, in agreement with the Bible, Josephus, and the book of Jubilees.
Exodus 19:1-2: In the third month, when the people of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai....And the Lord said to Moses, Go to the people, and sanctify them today and tomorrow, and let them wash their clothes: And be ready by the third day; for the third day the Lord will come down in the sight of all the people upon Mount Sinai:.?

If they arrived on the same day of the month when they left Egypt, they arrived on the 15th day of Sivan. Three days later, on the 17th day of Sivan, the Revelation was given. Sivan 6 is too early to return to Sinai because, if Sivan 6 was a Sabbath day, then Abib 15 must have been a Friday. Abib 15 to Sivan 6 is 50 days, that is 7 weeks plus one day. If Abib 15 was a Friday, they left on a Friday and traveled on the Shabbat. Every subsequent travel would also have taken place on a Shabbat.

Posted by: Gene on July 17, 2003 05:21 AM
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