April 19, 2005
The Intangible Economy: Patents and innovation researchKen Jarboe
The Intangible Economy: Patents and innovation research: This morning, the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) is holding a conclave of economists who study innovation. (For those of you who don't know it, NBER is the premier economic research organization -- it is an NBER committee that determines when recessions officially began and ended). While the conclave is by-invitation-only, unlike the Papal conclave we don't have to watch the color of the smoke to know what is happening. The papers are posted on the NBER website at NATIONAL BUREAU OF ECONOMIC RESEARCH, INC One of the most interesting papers is by Adam Jaffe of Brandeis University and Josh Lerner of Harvard University. The paper 'Innovation and its Discontents' is an extension of the 2004 book by the same title: Innovation and Its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System is Endangering Innovation and Progress, and What To Do About It. Their thesis is simple: "In the last two decades, however, the role of patents in the U.S. innovation system has changed from fuel for the engine to sand in the gears. Two apparently mundane changes in patent law and policy have subtly but inexorably transformed the patent system from a shield that innovators could use to protect themselves, to a grenade that firms lob indiscriminately at their competitors, thereby increasing the cost and risk of innovation rather than decreasing it." Some of their recommendation, especially concerning business methods, software and biotechnology patents, will likely generate debate. Others, such as pre-grant opposition and re-examinations of granted patents, seem to be part of the building consensus on patent reform.
Posted by DeLong at April 19, 2005 09:29 PM